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The service you require will depend on the nature of your material, your proposed audience and the current state of your text.

Why do you need professional input?

  • to see whether your writing is fit for publication, self-publishing, or submission in its current state
  • to ensure that your message/narrative is clear and easily understood
  • to check for consistency of spelling, punctuation, grammar and layout
  • to achieve your text’s full potential
  • to contextualise and understand your material in the wider publishing milieu
  • to recognise where your work succeeds and where it could be improved
  • to circumvent unnecessary and avoidable criticism
  • to verify any factual material
  • to rewrite your text into straightforward English

Editorial Services:


  • working on your text to make sure it is ready for publication and/or submission
  • sometimes also called a ‘structural’, ‘developmental’ or ‘substantive’ edit

This involves:

  • making sure that your text makes sense and flows properly
  • ensuring that your text actually says what you intended
  • looking at characterisation, pace, structure, plot, point of view, language (fiction)
  • scrutinising spelling, grammar, punctuation, illustrations, facts, references and notes
  • checking for anomalies/inconsistencies in the text
  • suggesting restructuring or rewriting of material where appropriate
  • offering possible solutions to inherent issues in the text
  • marking up your text for layout
  • a general overview (critique) of the entire work, highlighting strengths and weaknesses within the text, as well as considering its suitability for a particular market/audience

On-screen editing

  • copy-editing straight on to an electronic version of your text rather than on to a printed version
  • inputting copy-editing changes from elsewhere on to an electronic version of a text


  • checking for consistency of spellings, subject matter, punctuation and layout markings
  • correct labelling of headings and subheadings, as well as picture captions
  • ensuring conformity of abbreviations, such as inclusion or omission of full stops
  • correct use of quotation marks and italics
  • ensuring conformity to specific referencing systems for academic texts; eg. Harvard, APA, Vancouver, Chicago, Oxford etc.


  • checking your final draft for any remaining minor errors, inconsistencies or incorrect layout
  • checking your otherwise unedited text for grammar, spelling, punctuation and other textual and layout inconsistencies
  • often confused with copy-editing, this is very much a final polish to your text and nothing more


  • altering your material to adapt it for a specific readership
  • amending text written by non-native speakers of English to make sure that it makes sense and expresses correctly what you wish to say
  • shortening text
  • anglicising text where American usage is inappropriate for the proposed audience

Literary Services:

Literary critiques

  • reading your book/work to see whether it is suitable for publication or submission in its current state, and whether it is appropriate for your proposed audience
  • offering feedback on your plot, characterisation, point of view, voice, use of language, marketability, standard of writing and so on (fiction)
  • offering feedback on your presentation, structure, accessibility of material, clarity, language, marketability, standard of writing and so on (non-fiction)
  • providing a written report

This can involve:

  • editorial feedback on your manuscript
  • highlighting areas of your text that could be improved and offering specific suggestions for doing so
  • emphasising your strengths while offering constructive criticism about the weaker elements of your work
  • a full copy-edit of the manuscript if required